Chronic Kidney disease (CKD) is a serious medical condition where the kidneys have suffered intensive damage and are incapable of filtering blood. Testing is the only way to diagnose whether or one has CKD. If you or someone you know have diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular conditions, or a family history of difficulties in kidney function, it is wise to get screened for CKD immediately.
The following chronic conditions are closely associated with Chronic Kidney Disease:
Elevated blood sugar levels can result in type 1 or type 2 diabetes, which can lead to kidney damage when not controlled. The presence of microalbumin in urine is the earliest sign of CKD.
High blood pressure can cause damage to the blood vessels of the kidneys, thus affecting their function.
Many diseases are triggered by genetic impairment and hereditary conditions. Polycystic Kidney disease and nephronophthisis are two common diseases that are congenital (present at birth) but manifest at later stages.
This condition is characterised by the inflammation of the tiny filters or the glomeruli in the kidney. Common symptoms include hypertension, swelling in the legs and high concentration of blood and protein in the urine.
Urinary Tract Obstruction (UTO):
This can be either due to microbial accumulation in the genital apparatus of humans or a birth defect that causes frequent infections, thereby leading to kidney obstructions, urethral defect, kidney stones and intensive kidney damage.
The urine flow is reversed from the kidney to the urethra in this condition. This results in kidney infection at later stages, followed by dysfunction and damage.
The kidney tubules become swollen, due to which renal failure can occur. Sometimes it is also caused by an immune-mediated response and side-effect of medication.
The prominent causative factors of CKD are chronic illnesses like anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease, lupus nephritis and ANCA-associated vasculitis and glomerulonephritis.
The prevalence of CKD in India has been observed to be 229 per million by the Oxford Academic journal. Poverty, poor sanitation, pollutants, water contamination and their resultant metal toxicity, overcrowding, and other neurotoxins cause glomerular and interstitial kidney diseases. The number of patients dying of not being able to afford RRT goes as high as 90%, followed by 60% of patients who stop RRT midway due to financial constraints.
The best endocrinologist in India will always have the following advice for how to care if you’re in the early stages of CKD:
Dietary protein restrictions:
Intake of proteins above normal can create undue pressure on kidneys to metabolise when it is challenging for them to do so. So, take only what is sufficient for your body to process.
Control high blood pressure:
It is vital to keep your blood pressure in check to avoid kidney complications. Better stress management, reduced salt intake, and regular medication can go a long way in ensuring it.
Manage underlying specific medical conditions:
Chronic diseases like lupus nephritis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, kidney stones, and other anatomical obstructions should be carefully treated and analysed regularly.
Keep kidney conditions in check:
Regular tests, follow-ups, and timely medication can help control kidney complications and damage to a large extent.
Besides, cutting down on alcohol, smoking, and tobacco is essential to prevent kidney disease progression. Search for the ‘best endocrinologist near me’, and you shall be redirected to the best endocrinologist in India at SeekMed. So, being India’s top telemedicine platform, SeekMed offers you easy access to award-winning doctors who can help you confirm the current diagnosis, prevent complications and explore the best treatment options.