Radishes are a root vegetable that are easy to grow. Farmers can plant it multiple times in a growing season. Other than this, farmers can harvest radish as soon as three weeks after planting.
Farmers can plant radish seeds in both the spring and the fall. But growing should be suspended in the summer when temperatures are usually very hot. (Hot temperatures can cause radishes to bloat, rendering them essentially useless). However, radishes are one of the easiest vegetables to grow.
Tractors play a pivotal role in radish farming; therefore, we suggest Eicher 242 tractor. This tractor became the best for every Indian farmer.
Climate Information for Radish Farming
The best climatic conditions required for radish are highly humid, and the required temperature should be between 18 to 25 Celsius, with average rainfall between 100 cm to 150 cm.
Radish is a cool-season crop. Long days with high temperatures result in bloating before a marketable root can be obtained. The optimum temperature is 10 to 15 ℃ for best flavour texture, root growth and development.
Suitable Soil for Radish Farming
Farmers can grow radish on alluvial soil. However, it yields the best if they grow it in sandy soil, with pH 5.5 to 6.5.
Avoid heavy or compacted soil as it tends to produce rough, deformed roots. Farmers can grow radish in all types of soil, but it thrives best under good drainage.
Recommended Sowing Times for Radish Farming
Rabi: Sowing starts from August and lasts up to February.
Land Preparation for Radish Farming
Plough the land thoroughly and make the land free from weeds and lumps. Add well-decomposed cow dung at 20-25 t/ha and mix well in the soil at the time of land preparation. Avoid using un-rotted or loose cow dung as this can lead to fleshy roots. Farmers should prepare the land for fine ploughing and levelling (3-4).
Sowing methods and tips for Radish Farming
Farmers Should keep row distance between 25 – 30 cm. They should sow the plant/Seed at a distance of 8 to 10 cm. Moreover, they should keep the seed depth between 1.0 and 2.0 cm. Farmers can sow it from line sowing and broadcasting methods.
Broadcast method: The broadcast method generally involves manually dispersing seeds over a large area or the entire area. The labour involved is very less, and the accuracy is also.
Irrigation requirement for Radish Farming
Give first irrigation after sowing; it will help in good germination. Then, depending on soil type and climate, apply remaining irrigation at 6-7 days intervals in summer and 10-12 days in the winter. In total, radish requires five to six irrigations. Finally, apply light irrigation before harvest in the summer season. This irrigation will keep the root fresh and reduce pungency.
Fertilizer requirement – Radish Cultivation
Fertilizer mixture is added at the bottom of the ridge & cover it with soil. Farmers irrigate the furrows one or two days before sowing the seeds.
Add : Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 100, , Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 60. Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 90,Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 50
Selecting and Preparing A Planting Site
- Plant the plant in a sunny place. Farmers can plant radishes in many shades – or even where neighbouring vegetable plants shade them – they can put all their energy into producing large leaves.
- Like carrots, radish plants are grown primarily for their roots. Although farmers should use soil that is rich in organic matter, it should not be compacted. However, mix some sand to loosen the soil and improve drainage.
- If soil is not rich in organic matter, incorporate a few inches of all-purpose fertilizer or old compost (see packaging for amount) into the planting site as soon as the soil is workable.
- Till your garden bed to remove any rock or dirt clumps before planting.
- Practice a three-year crop rotation. In other words, plants only radishes in one place every third year. It will help prevent diseases affecting your crop.
How To Plant Radishes
- Sow the seeds 4 to 6 weeks before the average date of the last frost for spring planting.
- It is best when farmers plant radish seeds directly in the garden to not damage their roots. Sow the seeds directly outdoors to 1 inch deep and 1 inch apart in rows 12 inches apart.
- Plant another round of seed every 10 days for a continuous harvest of radishes in late spring and early summer—while the weather is still cool.
- Farmers can plant the radishes in late summer than any other root crop and still get a crop. They sow the seeds 4 to 6 weeks before the first fall frost.
Tractor and tools are the most prominent part of farming. Hence we suggest the Eicher 380 tractor because this tractor is superb for usability in radish farming.
For more information regarding radish farming, stay tuned with us.