How does egg retrieval procedure works and How can it affect pregnancy?
What is Egg Retrieval?
Egg retrieval is a process that stimulates a woman’s reproductive system through injections to produce multiple follicles and eggs in order to produce enough eggs for the IVF fertilization process. One of the best fertility experts Dr. Ruchi Bhandari from the best IVF center in Jaipur states that generally women are afraid to take injections for egg retrieval and are unsure of guidance on how to go about taking the procedure. However, injecting on their own or with help from their partner is an easy procedure that patients do not have to worry about. And doctors will help you prior to injecting.
How Does Egg Retrieval Procedure Work?
The process of retrieving eggs will likely raise a few concerns in your head. In the beginning, patients who have an egg extraction are using medication to help bring one or more eggs to maturity.
Every clinic will have its own guidelines for determining the proper size, but 16mm seems to be the most common.
An egg retrieval usually is performed under a type of sedation, which means there is no discomfort. A needle is connected to an ultrasound probe that is inserted into the vagina. The doctors use ultrasound to examine the ovaries and to locate the fertile Ovarian Follicles. Then, a doctor punctures the follicles with a needle, then he will apply gentle suction to take out the egg and the fluid inside the follicle. The embryologist will then analyze eggs and fluids that are collected. The doctor will transfer them to the laboratory specifically designed for the IVF procedure. A doctor will wash eggs to remove bad quality sperm and the culture. Then, The doctor will place several drops of the mixture and store the dish in specially-designed IVF incubators in a monitored atmosphere.
Eggs are now developing within the fluid-filled structure into follicles. The doctor will observe each follicle using the aid of ultrasound.
What Preparations Should Be Done Before Egg Retrieval Procedure?
If the procedure takes place with anesthesia, Your doctor might instruct you to refrain from drinking or eating for up to 10 hours prior. The nurse or anesthesiologist will visit you prior to the procedure to provide you with some basic medical information. The doctor will ask you to remove contact lenses, jewelry, and nail polish before the procedure. Once you’re in the operating room, the doctor will give you medication, either via IV or injectable for you to sleep.
Side Effects Related to Egg Retrieval Procedure
Generally, the side effects are mild to moderate, if they even occur, and include:
A few possible side effects are:
- Mild to moderate pain in the abdomen or pelvic region. In most cases, the pain goes away after a few weeks of the procedure. If the pain is severe it is possible to manage the pain with a variety of medications for pain.
- Injury or damage to the organs of the ovaries.
- Certain patients suffering from pelvic infections ( from mild to severe). Doctors prescribe antibiotics and other medication during the egg collection process to ensure that infections do not develop. The infection is severe and requires treatment or intravenous antibiotics.
- Rarely, Doctors will remove one or both ovaries or tubes to treat a serious infection. Women who suffer from pelvic infections or endometriosis are more likely to suffer from IVF-related infections.
What After Egg Retrieval?
After egg retrieval, your physician will likely begin various medications, which include an antibiotic that prevents infections, a steroid that will lessen inflammation in the reproductive organs, as well as hormonal supplements that provide additional support for the lining of the endometrial when you undergo the embryo transfer. It is crucial to use these medicines as directed. The doctor may instruct you to abstain from sexual contact for some time or not to submerge yourself in water (like bathing).
In case you notice any of the following signs, notify your physician immediately:-
- Temperatures over 101F
- Acute abdominal pain or swelling
- Acute nausea or vomiting that does not go away
- Vaginal bleeding
- Urination problems, or painful urinary tract
- Dizziness or fainting
Egg retrieval is among the most important actions. The procedure for retrieving eggs is a straightforward, easy procedure that has fewer risks. Furthermore, the Correct egg retrieval process increases the chance of success for subsequent IVF procedures, which increases the effectiveness of fertility treatments. Understanding the entire process will help you cope with your anxiety regarding the treatment.